We are living in days of drama, which inevitably have changed our lives. And it is the life of the people to be the center of attention of the entire community, is entrusted to the incessant and exhausting of doctors and nurses 24 hours on 24 to offer their professionalism, going far beyond what is required “by the contract” and putting their health at risk to safeguard those of others.

The pandemic that the act gave a strong shock to the research activities, with the aim of developing emergency solutions that can meet the growing demand of tools and devices to save lives. One example is the mask of the Decathlon turned into respiratory from a medical doctor of brescia, as well as the MIT project that created a “fan ” emergency” components of value of just $ 100.

The idea was originally born ten years ago, and we had worked on a student team of Medical Device Design in collaboration with some experts – academic and non-academic. The product ended up in to oblivion, until a new group of engineers, computer scientists and physicists of the same MIT have not picked up the cards to try to benefit from the original project by implementing a solution to apply to the emergency.

The will is only one: create quickly an economic tool to be delivered as soon as possible to health facilities by identifying both the minimum requirements for a correct operation. The respirator was now “up to date” by connecting it to a small engine can automatically manage the different phases of ventilation, but the cost of construction remains well below compared to the approximately $ 30,000 required for a respirator “traditional”.

It is in simple words a small bag of plastic, identical to the anesthetist at the disposal of the medical staff, which are used for example in the case of cardiac arrest. Is operated manually by pumping the air into the lungs of the patient by pressing and releasing the bag. Serves specialized personnel, since the risk is that it exerts a pressure incorrect. The revised version is equipped with mechanical pump that, in case of an emergency and malfunction, can be switched off for manual use.

The respirator must provide at least 1 million cycles, a value that corresponds to approximately two weeks of use, and aims to be “simple” to use: all the material you need is available on the website e-vent.mit.edu as can be see the guides and instructions for proper use. Publish all the documents has a dual purpose:

  • speed-up the training of the staff so that the instrument can be used immediately
  • share the idea with experts from around the world to improve it further

The project will require the approval of the u.s. FDA, a necessary condition because the respirator can be used at hospitals by the medical and nursing staff.

The team is multi-discipline of researchers is working on a new version (open-source) tool, designed to last longer and to ensure a greater level of security. It will still take time before the respirator can be used in hospitals, but the premises are all there. Suffice it to say that from nothing, the first prototype is gone just a week.

HERE you can find the paper originally published in 2010 on the first model, while from the link in SOURCE you can access the official page of the project.